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Farming in a Controlled Environment

 

“If massive increases in agricultural yield are not achieved, matched by massive decreases in the use of water and fossil fuels, a billion or more people may face starvation.”   (article)

 

 

Why Do Farmers Use Pesticides?

 

First let’s define “pesticides”:

 

Pesticides are “chemical substances used to prevent, destroy, repel or mitigate any pest ranging from insects (i.e., insecticides), rodents (i.e., rodenticides) and weeds (herbicides) to microorganisms (i.e., algicides, fungicides or bactericides).”  (source)

 

Farmers can combat pests in many ways:

 

 

The need to utilize pesticides/herbicides can vary by climate, environment, and geographical location so each farm poses different needs and requires different actions.

 

Pesticides

 

Pesticides are chemicals used to kill insect pests.  DDT is a well-known pesticide that was banned in North America in 1972.  For more information about the DDT Story (Pesticide Action Network), click here.  Other pesticides common today are atrazine, clothianidin,  Clothianidin is a neonicotinoid.

 

Neonicotinoids are a relatively new class of insecticides chemically related to nicotine. The name literally means “new nicotine-like insecticides”. Neonicotinoids, “neo-nics” for short, are neurotoxins that act on the central nervous system of the exposed insect.  Neonicotinoids infect a plant throughout its entire system, including the nectar and pollen.  In addition, neonicotinoid insecticides are persistent, meaning that they do not break down quickly in soil. They are water soluble and have the potential to easily run off into local watercourses, where they can potentially harm aquatic insects.  A growing body of scientific evidence shows that neonicotinoid insecticides are highly toxic to honey bees and other beneficial insects. Click here for a link to Ontario’s Neonicotinoid Regulations.

 

Herbicides

 

Herbicides are chemicals used to kill undesirable plants such as weeds or residual crop from the previous year.  Some crops, like corn for instance, compete poorly with other plants so farmers find it necessary to spray a herbicide to ensure successful crop growth.  Herbicides can also be used to dry down crop (“crop desiccant”) for a more consistent harvest. Herbicide drift occurs when the wind carries the herbicide into a non-target field.

 

For information about Monsanto’s “Round Up” or glyphosate, click here

 

 

Pesticides & Herbicides News

 

Date

Source

Title

Comment

2018-08-16

EcoWatch / Ken Roseboro

Environmentally-Caused Disease Crisis? Pesticide Damage to DNA Found 'Programmed' Into Future Generations

Ken Roseboro

- atrazine

- “epigenetic effects”

2018-01-31

TheGuardian.com

Stripes of wildflowers across farm fields could cut pesticide spraying

Damian Carrington

2017-08-29

Washington Post (USA)

This miracle weed killer was supposed to save farms. Instead, it’s devastating them.

Caitlin Dewey

- dicamba drift

 

2017-03-31

Environmental Defence

Health Canada Decides Not To Ban Atrazine, A Harmful Pesticide Found in Drinking Water in Canada

- atrazine

2015-11-22

CBC News (Quebec)

Quebec to restrict neonicotinoids and atrazine pesticides

- atrazine

2014-02-21

Democracy Now

Silencing the Scientist: Tyrone Hayes on Being Targeted by Herbicide Firm Syngenta

- atrazine

- Tyrone Hayes

 

 

 

 

 

GENERAL FARMING NEWS – Controlled Environment (reverse chronological order)

 

Date

Source

Title

Comment

2018-08-17

BBC News

The world's first floating farm making waves in Rotterdam

Simon Fry

2018-07-06

Financial Post

Opinion:  It really is time to kick Canada's $2.6-billion dairy habit

Michael Osborne

- milk quota

2018-06-28

Huffington Post

Donald Trump's Latest Attack On Canadian Milk Is 'Pure Rhetoric': Dairy Farmers

Zi-Ann Lum

2018-06-11

Huffington Post

What is Supply Management? Trump Attacks Renew Focus on Canada’s Dairy System

Canadian Press

2018-05-17

Maine Public

Canadian Salmon Firm Admits Using Lobster-Killing Pesticide Near Maine Border

Bill Trotter

2018-03-06

Business Insider

This indoor farm in New Jersey can grow 365 days a year and uses 95% less water than a typical farm

Amelia Kosciulek and Justin Gmoser

2018-02-25

EcoWatch / YES! Magazine

Why This Montana Farmer Grows Food Year-Round in Shipping Containers

Isabelle Morrison

2017-09-29

Youtube / Gary T. Moran

This is Italy’s incredible underwater farm (1 min)

 

2017-09-01

National Geographic

This Tiny Country Feeds the World (The Netherlands)

Frank Viviano & Luca Locatelli

2017-07-20

Huffington Post

Montreal IGA Says It's 1st Supermarket In Canada To Sell Produce Grown On Roof

Daniel Tencer

2016-07-05

Youtube / Stories

This Farm of the Future Uses No Soil and 95% Less Water (4 mins)

AeroFarms

2012-04-20

CBC News Sudbury

Mining company to raise fish underground

 

 

For other information:

 

Canada’s New Cannabis Industry

 

Farmers Feed Cities

 

Food & Water First

 

 

 

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What Can I Do?

 

 

Disclaimer: This information has been compiled through private amateur research for the purpose of allowing the reader to make an informed and educated decision.  However, while the information is believed to be reliable, accuracy cannot be guaranteed.

 

 

 

 


APPENDICES

 

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