Farming in a Controlled Environment


“If massive increases in agricultural yield are not achieved, matched by massive decreases in the use of water and fossil fuels, a billion or more people may face starvation.”   (article)



Why Do Farmers Use Pesticides?


First let’s define “pesticides”:


Pesticides are “chemical substances used to prevent, destroy, repel or mitigate any pest ranging from insects (i.e., insecticides), rodents (i.e., rodenticides) and weeds (herbicides) to microorganisms (i.e., algicides, fungicides or bactericides).”  (source)


Farmers can combat pests in many ways:



The need to utilize pesticides/herbicides can vary by climate, environment, and geographical location so each farm poses different needs and requires different actions.




Insecticides are chemicals used to kill insect pests.  DDT is a well-known insecticide that was banned in North America in 1972.  For more information about the DDT Story (Pesticide Action Network), click here.  Other insect pesticides common today are atrazine and the neonicotinoid, clothianidin.


Neonicotinoids are a relatively new class of insecticides chemically related to nicotine. The name literally means “new nicotine-like insecticides”. Neonicotinoids, “neo-nics” for short, are neurotoxins that act on the central nervous system of the exposed insect.  Neonicotinoids infect a plant throughout its entire system, including the nectar and pollen.  In addition, neonicotinoid insecticides are persistent, meaning that they do not break down quickly in soil. They are water soluble and have the potential to easily run off into local watercourses, where they can potentially harm aquatic insects.  A growing body of scientific evidence shows that neonicotinoid insecticides are highly toxic to honey bees and other beneficial insects. Click here for a link to Ontario’s Neonicotinoid Regulations.




Herbicides are chemicals used to kill undesirable plants such as weeds or residual crop from the previous year.  Some crops, like corn for instance, compete poorly with other plants so farmers find it necessary to spray a herbicide to ensure successful crop growth.  Herbicides can also be used to dry down crop (“crop desiccant”) for a more consistent harvest. Herbicide drift occurs when the wind carries the herbicide into a non-target field.


For information about Monsanto’s “Round Up” or glyphosate, click here



Pesticides & Herbicides News







National Observer

Fired Quebec scientist blew the whistle on pesticide lobby influence

Carl Meyer

- Robert Louis

AO Whistleblowers


EcoWatch / Olivia Rosane

Strawberries, Spinach Top 'Dirty Dozen' List of Pesticide-Contaminated Produce


Olivia Rosane


Pesticide residues found in 70% of produce sold in US even after washing


Emily Holden


CBC News

Canola, chemicals and bees: Why Canadian farmers are fighting a proposed pesticide ban


Kyle Bakx


EcoWatch / Ken Roseboro

Environmentally-Caused Disease Crisis? Pesticide Damage to DNA Found 'Programmed' Into Future Generations


Ken Roseboro

- atrazine

- “epigenetic effects”


Stripes of wildflowers across farm fields could cut pesticide spraying


Damian Carrington


Washington Post (USA)

This miracle weed killer was supposed to save farms. Instead, it’s devastating them.

Caitlin Dewey

- dicamba drift



Environmental Defence

Health Canada Decides Not To Ban Atrazine, A Harmful Pesticide Found in Drinking Water in Canada


- atrazine


CBC News (Quebec)

Quebec to restrict neonicotinoids and atrazine pesticides


- atrazine


Democracy Now

Silencing the Scientist: Tyrone Hayes on Being Targeted by Herbicide Firm Syngenta


- atrazine

- Tyrone Hayes






GENERAL FARMING NEWS – Controlled Environment (reverse chronological order)







BBC News

The world's first floating farm making waves in Rotterdam


Simon Fry


Financial Post

Opinion:  It really is time to kick Canada's $2.6-billion dairy habit


Michael Osborne

- milk quota


Huffington Post

Donald Trump's Latest Attack On Canadian Milk Is 'Pure Rhetoric': Dairy Farmers


Zi-Ann Lum


Huffington Post

What is Supply Management? Trump Attacks Renew Focus on Canada’s Dairy System


Canadian Press


Maine Public

Canadian Salmon Firm Admits Using Lobster-Killing Pesticide Near Maine Border


Bill Trotter


Business Insider

This indoor farm in New Jersey can grow 365 days a year and uses 95% less water than a typical farm


Amelia Kosciulek and Justin Gmoser


EcoWatch / YES! Magazine

Why This Montana Farmer Grows Food Year-Round in Shipping Containers


Isabelle Morrison


Youtube / Gary T. Moran

This is Italy’s incredible underwater farm (1 min)




National Geographic

This Tiny Country Feeds the World (The Netherlands)


Frank Viviano & Luca Locatelli


Huffington Post

Montreal IGA Says It's 1st Supermarket In Canada To Sell Produce Grown On Roof


Daniel Tencer


America’s first urban ‘agrihood’ feeds 2,000 households for free


Lacy Cooke


Youtube / Stories

This Farm of the Future Uses No Soil and 95% Less Water (4 mins)




CBC News Sudbury

Mining company to raise fish underground




For other information:


Canada’s New Cannabis Industry


Farmers Feed Cities


Food & Water First


AO News – Beef Industry



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List of Ontario’s Issues


What Can I Do?



Disclaimer: This information has been compiled through private amateur research for the purpose of allowing the reader to make an informed and educated decision.  However, while the information is believed to be reliable, accuracy cannot be guaranteed.








AO News - Farming Controlled Environment